Belalang Hijau Giant Green Slantface Grasshopper (Acrida conica)

Posting date: Saturday, January 8, 2011
This post have:
Common Names in English: Giant Green Slantface, Longheaded Grasshopper

Scientific name: Acrida conica (Fabricius, 1781)
Unambiguous Synonyms :

          Acrida cheesmanae (Dirsh, 1954)
          Truxalis conicus (Fabricius, 1781)
          Truxalis raflesii (Blanchard, E. 1853)
          Tryxalis scitula (Walker, F. 1870)
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Taxonomy / Scientific classification (Klasifikasi ilmiah Belalang Hijau Acrida conica)

Natura - nature
Mundus Plinius - physical world
Naturalia
Biota
Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes
Kingdom Animalia C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Subkingdom Bilateria (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983 - bilaterians
Branch Protostomia Grobben, 1908 - protostomes
Infrakingdom Ecdysozoa Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - ecdysozoans
Superphylum Panarthropoda
Phylum Arthropoda Latreille, 1829 - arthropods
Subphylum Mandibulata Snodgrass, 1938
Infraphylum Atelocerata
Superclass Panhexapoda
Epiclass Hexapoda
Class Insecta C. Linnaeus, 1758 - insects
Subclass Dicondylia
Infraclass Pterygota
Division Neoptera
Superorder Orthopterida
Order Orthoptera™ Latreille, 1793 - locusts, katydids, crickets, grasshoppers
Suborder Caelifera Ander, 1939
Infraorder Acrididea
Superfamily group Acridomorpha
Superfamily Acridoidea™ (MacLeay, 1821) Burmeister, 1839
Family Acrididae™ MacLeay, 1821 - grasshoppers
Subfamily Acridinae™ (MacLeay, 1819) Uvarov, 1926
Tribe Acridini™ MacLeay, 1819
Genus Acrida™ (C. Linnaeus, 1758)
Specific name conica - (Fabricius 1781)
Scientific name Acrida conica (Fabricius, 1781)



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The adult Giant Green Slantface grasshopper is green in colour with brown strips on its head. Its head is in cone shape and with short and flat antennae. Its pair of hind legs are  long and spindly.

Grasshopper Nymphs can be found in brown form or in green form.

Their nymphs look similar to the adults except smaller and no wings. Because of their wingless and slender body, they may be mistaken as Morabines.

They usually active after sun set. The grasshopper feed on long blade grass.

The grasshopper has the long cone head and slant face, this explained why they are called. Also notice its flat antenna.

This Longheaded Grasshopper is a slow moving insect. Although the adult grasshoppers are fully developed wings. They are poor flyers. They fly for short distance, about one to two meters, then drop and hide on floor. They make buzzing sound when in flight.

Their long legs are not strong, merely for walking between grass, and they do not jump very well neither. The grasshoppers depend on its camouflage colour to avoid predators. When they hide in grasses, they hardly be seen.

When disturbed, they opens their wings to make noise and shows the pink-red abdomen under its wings as the secondary defence (the first defence is camouflage).

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Giant Green Slantface Grasshopper (Acrida conica) nymph photos

Klasifikasi ilmiah Belalang Hijau Acrida conica 1

Klasifikasi ilmiah Belalang Hijau Acrida conica 2

Klasifikasi ilmiah Belalang Hijau Acrida conica 3

Klasifikasi ilmiah Belalang Hijau Acrida conica 4

Klasifikasi ilmiah Belalang Hijau Acrida conica 5

Klasifikasi ilmiah Belalang Hijau Acrida conica 6

Klasifikasi ilmiah Belalang Hijau Acrida conica 7

Klasifikasi ilmiah Belalang Hijau Acrida conica 8

Klasifikasi ilmiah Belalang Hijau Acrida conica 9

These Giant Green Slantface Grasshopper (Acrida conica) nymph photos were taken on December, 2010 in the backyard in Suka Sirna, Jonggol, West Java, Indonesia, using a Sony Ericsson K800i.

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References:
http://www.brisbaneinsects.com/brisbane_grasshoppers/Longheaded.htm
http://zipcodezoo.com/Animals/A/Acrida_conica/
http://taxonomicon.taxonomy.nl/TaxonTree.aspx?id=696997&tree=0.1

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